Women's Movements in the US-Timeline
The first women's rights convention is held in Seneca Falls, New York. After 2 days of discussion and
debate, 68 women and 32 men sign a Declaration of Sentiments, which outlines grievances and sets the
agenda for the women's rights movement. A set of 12 resolutions is adopted calling for equal treatment
of women and men under the law and voting rights for women.
The first National Women's Rights Convention takes place in Worcester, Mass., attracting more than
1,000 participants. National conventions are held yearly (except for 1857) through 1860.
Ratification of the 14th amendment declaring “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside”
and that right may not be “denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of
age, and citizens of the United States”
Split among the suffragist movement. Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National
Woman Suffrage Association. The primary goal of the organization is to achieve voting rights for women
by means of a Congressional amendment to the Constitution.
Congress ratifies the 15th amendment: “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of
Susan B. Anthony arrested for voting for Ulysses S. Grant in the presidential election.
The Women’s Suffrage Amendment is first introduced to congress.
The National Women Suffrage Association and the American Women Suffrage Association merge to form
the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA). As the movement's mainstream
organization, NAWSA wages state-by-state campaigns to obtain voting rights for women.
Colorado is the first state to adopt an amendment granting women the right to vote.
The National Association of Colored Women is formed, bringing together more than 100 black women's
clubs. Leaders in the black women's club movement include Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin, Mary Church
Terrell, and Anna Julia Cooper.
Alice Paul and Lucy Burns formed the Congressional Union for Women Suffrage. Their focus is lobbying for a constitutional amendment to secure the right to vote for women. The group is later renamed the
National Women's Party. Members picket the White House and practice other forms of civil disobedience.
Alice Paul and her colleagues form the National Woman's Party (NWP) and began introducing some of the
methods used by the suffrage movement in Britain. Tactics included demonstrations, parades, mass
meetings & picketing the White House over the refusal of President Woodrow Wilson and other
incumbent Democrats to actively support the Suffrage Amendment.
In July picketers were arrested on charges of "obstructing traffic." including Paul. She and others were
convicted and incarcerated at the Occoquan Workhouse in Virginia. While imprisoned, Alice Paul began a
In January, after much bad press about the treatment of Alice Paul and the imprisoned women, President
Wilson announced that women's suffrage was urgently needed as a "war measure."
The federal woman suffrage amendment, originally written by Susan B. Anthony and introduced in
Congress in 1878, is passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate. It is then sent to the states
August 26, 1920
Women are allowed to vote under the ratification of the women suffrage amendment(19th amendment).